Water for Conflict Prevention

Water for Conflict Prevention

Executive Summary

In the 1990s, political pundits and policymakers around the world pledged to deal with the Security–Development Nexus Program Implementation, but they failed to find a coherent approach to properly reintegrate demobilized forces, thereby preventing conflict recidivism. They also failed to establish adequate mechanisms for water supply to all communities, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa.

The tractability of the problems is posited by the consistently changing environment caused by global warming at the source of water scarcity on one hand; and by population growth at the source of social conflicts and political struggles in managing the most impossible fair distribution of natural resources including water on the other hand. All the above makes it difficult for street–level implementers to respond to the dual challenges including effective planning for and management of water-related programs and reintegration of demobilized forces.

The seven principles in appendix A are meant to help the General Secretary of the GWI Coordinating Bureau lead efficiently and effectively his or her team. Guidance on how the GWI strategies should be implemented to reintegrate demobilized forces using water-related programs is explicitly detailed in appendix B.

In a nutshell, GWI recommends AU and African heads of governments to enact national environmental legislation that takes into account the inter-linkages between programs for water-related resources and the reintegration of demobilized forces for the purpose of environmental security, which in turn, lead to the prevention of conflicts.

One major promise of the GWI proposed strategy is that the establishment of the Implementing Monitoring Bureau, managed by a person at the ambassadorial ranking level is needed for the effectiveness and efficiency in the reintegration of former combatants through water programs.

This article of over 50 pages written by Valerie Ndaruzaniye in support of the Symposium "Water for conflict prevention," held in Brussels on November 23, 2009, describes the concept of GWI. It provides details on how a common program for Africa’s environmental security, focusing on water resource management and the reintegration of demobilized forces, could be implemented. 

Cet article de plus de 50 pages en support du Symposium « L’eau pour la prévention des conflits, »  document descriptif du concept de GWI, écrit par Ndaruzaniye, Valérie,  donne des détails sur comment un programme commun pour la sécurité environnementale pour l'Afrique peut être mis sur place.

The views expressed in this paper are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect views of any of other members or partners of GWI.

Ndaruzaniye, Valerie
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